Last updated 2014-02-08


Bernhard Schwarz

Department of Linguistics

McGill University




papers, handouts, slides


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2014, At least and Quantity Implicature”, McGill-MIT Workshop on Gradability and Quantity in Language and the Brain. (in part supersedes Schwarz 2013) [handout]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2013, At least and Quantity Implicature: Choices and Consequences”, in Proceedings of the 19th Amsterdam Colloquium Edited by Maria Aloni, Michael Franke and Floris Roelofsen. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard, Brian Buccola, and Michael Hamilton: 2012. “Two types of class B numeral modifiers: a reply to Nouwen (2010)”, Semantics and Pragmatics, Volume 5, Article 1: 1–25. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2011, “Long distance indefinites and choice functions”. Language and Linguistics Compass 5: 880–897. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2011, “Remarks on class B numeral modifiers”. Handout for talk at workshop Indefinites and Beyond, University of Göttingen, November 18-19, 2011. [handout]


Schwarz, Bernhard and Junko Shimoyama: 2011, “Negative Islands and Obviation by Wa in Japanese Degree Questions”, in Nan Li and David Lutz (eds.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory 20, pp. 684–701. [paper]


Nissenbaum, Jon and Bernhard Schwarz: 2011, “Parasitic Degree Phrases”, Natural Language Semantics 19: 1-38 (supersedes Nissenbaum and Schwarz 2009) [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2010, “A note on for-phrases and derived scales”. Handout for talk at Sinn und Bedeutung 15, Universität des Saarlandes, September 9-11, 2010. [handout]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2010. “German noch so: Scalar Degree Operator and Negative Polarity Item”. In M. Aloni, H. Bastiaanse, T. de Jager and K. Schulz (eds.) Amsterdam Colloquium 2009 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Volume 6042), Springer, Berlin, pp.  426-435 [paper]


Nissenbaum, Jon and Bernhard Schwarz: 2009, “Infinitivals with too: Degree operator scope and parasitic gap licensing”, in Tova Friedman and Satoshi Ito (eds.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory 18, pp. 551-568. [paper]


Gualmini, Andrea and Bernhard Schwarz: 2009, “Solving learnability problems in the acquisition of semantics”, Journal of Semantics 26, 185-215. [paper]


Nissenbaum, Jon and Bernhard Schwarz: 2008, “Two Puzzles about Infinitivals with Too”, in Natasha Abner, Jason Bishop, and Kevin Ryan (eds.), Proceedings of the 27th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, pp. 344-352. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2007, “Reciprocal Equatives”, in E. Puig-Waldmüller (ed.) Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 11, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, pp.568-582. [paper]

Gualmini, Andrea and Bernhard Schwarz: 2007, “Negation and Downward Entailingness: Consequences for Learnability Theory”, in Hedde Zeijlstra and Jan-Phillip Soehn (eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Negation and Polarity, University of Tübingen, Collaborative Research Center 441, pp. 65-70. (superseded by Gualmini and Schwarz 2009) [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2006a, “Covert Reciprocity and Strawson-Symmetry”, Snippets 13, 9-10. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2006b, “Attributive wrong”, in Donald Baumer, David Montero, and Michael Scanlon (eds.), Proceedings of the 25th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, pp. 362-370. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard and Rajesh Bhatt: 2006, “Light negation and Polarity”, in Zanuttini, Raffaella, Héctor Campos, Elena Herburger and Paul H. Portner (eds.), Cross-Linguistic Research in Syntax and Semantics: Negation, Tense and Clausal Architecture, Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC, pp. 175-198. [prepublication draft]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2005a, “Scalar additive particles in negative contexts”, Natural Language Semantics 13, 125-168. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2005b, “Modal Superlatives”, in Effi Georgala and Jonathan Howell (eds.), Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory 15, CLC Publications, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, pp. 187-204. [paper]


Bhatt, Rajesh and Bernhard Schwarz: 2004, “Deriving Negative Polarity”, poster presented at GURT 2004, Georgetown University. [slides]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2004, “Indefinites in Verb Phrase Ellipsis”, Linguistic Inquiry 35, 344-353. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2001a, “Two kinds of long distance indefinites”, in R. van Rooy and M. Stokhof, Proceedings of the Thirteenth Amsterdam Colloquium, Amsterdam University, pp. 192-197. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2001b, “Two kinds of long distance indefinites”, unpublished manuscript, Stuttgart University. (long version of Schwarz 2001a) [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2000a, “A note on exclusive disjunction”, unpublished manuscript, MIT. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2000b, “Notes on even”, unpublished manuscript, Stuttgart University. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 1999, "On the Syntax of either...or", Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 17, 339-370. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 1998a, "On Odd Coordinations in German", The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics 2, 191-219. [paper]


Schwarz, Bernhard: 1998b, "Reduced Conditionals in German: Event Quantification and Definiteness", Natural Language Semantics 6, 271-301. [paper]



PhD dissertation


Schwarz, Bernhard: 2000, Topics in Ellipsis, PhD dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. [pdf]